lundi 6 juin 2016

Chine : Pékin "est coincée entre la Corée du Nord et ses adversaires, USA, Corée du Sud et Japon"

D06061606:00 - "La Chine, tirée par ses «impératifs économiques», est actuellement coincée entre la Corée du Nord d'un côté et ses adversaires (USA, Corée du Sud et Japon) de l'autre" rapporte Sputnik citant le professeur et directeur de l'Institut international des études coréennes, Hazel Smith.

La Corée du Nord est à la Chine ce que l'Iran a été à la Russie : un prétexte des USA pour développer leur "réseau juste et vertueux de sécurité" à base de soi-disant missiles anti-missiles de défense qui sont, en réalité, comme en Europe de l'Est, des sites nucléaires d'attaque pour maintenir leur hégémonie mondiale mise en péril par la Chine et la Russie.

Le Japon et la Corée du Sud sont instrumentalisés comme le sont les pays d'Europe, y compris l'Allemagne, par Washington. Si en Europe, la solution pour sortir de cette menace consisterait à neutraliser l'OTAN par un coup de force militaire européen, en Asie du Sud-Est, les cartes sont entre les mains du Japon qui est décidément bien trop long à opérationnaliser son pivot pro-russe.
China Irritated With North Korea and Its Adversaries

Sputnik News, le 6 Juin 2016

Titre et inter-titres E Gaillot pour €calypse News, le 6 Juin 2016

la Chine, tirée par ses «impératifs économiques», est actuellement coincée entre la Corée du Nord d'un côté et ses adversaires (USA, Corée du Sud et Japon) de l'autre.
Hazel Smith, Professor and Director of the International Institute of Korean Studies, told Radio Sputnik that China, driven by its “economic imperatives”, is currently stuck between North Korea on one side and its adversaries on the other.

The US, South Korea and Japan earlier announced that they had agreed to step up pressure on North Korea.

"The source of pressure that the US, Japan and South Korea are talking about tends to focus on economic measures. And economic sanctions, whether it's done by the United Nations in general or by individual states depends upon the participation and enforcement by China, also Russia to a certain extent," said Smith, the author of the new book "North Korea: Markets and Military Rule".

The importance of China's decision can be explained with its long 1500 km land border with North Korea, which influences the country's trade. In practice, this means that the US, Japan and South Korea would seek China's consent to focus on tightening up the enforcement of UN resolutions, and expanding the limits of its own sanctions towards North Korea, smith said.

"That will be very difficult because China is trying to have a balance between trying to dissuade North Korea from developing its nuclear arms and at the same time trying to offer ways in which communication can take place so that there can be a diplomatic resolution to the security crisis on the Korean peninsula" she explained.

According to Smith, Beijing first of all doesn't want the instability in North Korea to threaten its own development plans in its northeast. Beijing wants to expand its industrialization in the northeast and to encourage foreign investment, but foreign investors are not fond of potential conflicts.

Since China's overall strategic view is "shaped by its economic imperatives", Beijing is adamantly opposed to the North Korean development of nuclear weapons, and seeks political solutions to the conflict.

"[China] gets equally irritated with North Korea and [its] adversaries because it sees both sides as often equally belligerent in terms of their approach to security issues and to refusing to negotiate in the constructive manner." Smith said. "So China is, in a way, in the middle, as Russia has been on some occasions as well."

The foreign ministers of the US, South Korea and Japan decided not to accept the proposals for further negotiations as long as Pyongyang fails to show commitment to denuclearization, the Japanese media reported. The parties also called on North Korea to refrain from any provocative actions and to strictly comply with the UN Security Council resolutions.