jeudi 5 mai 2016

USA : les 100 premiers jours de Donald Trump à la Maison Blanche

A04051605:00 - "Le jour de l'investiture, il ira à un ou deux "beaux" galas mais se concentrera principalement sur l'annulation des décrets d'Obama sur l'immigration et préviendra les dirigeants d'entreprises des mesures punitives qui les menacent s'ils délocalisent des emplois hors des Etats-Unis. Et à la fin de ses 100 premiers jours en tant que 45e POTUS, le mur avec le Mexique sera conçu, l'interdiction de l'immigration des musulmans sera appliquée, la vérification de la Réserve fédérale sera en cours et l'abrogation de la Loi sur les soins abordables sera lancée" rapporte The New York Times.
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‘President Trump?’ Here’s How He Says It Would Look

The New York Times, le 3 Mai 2016

Titre et inter-titres E Gaillot pour €calypse News, le 4 Mai 2016


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Donald J. Trump is now the presumptive Republican presidential nominee, but he is also keenly aware that many in his own party — and many Americans, frankly — are scared and anxious about the idea of him in the Oval Office. Even he is not sure how a deeply divided nation would adjust to the first 100 days of a Trump presidency.
Dans une série d'interviews récentes, il a esquissé des plans qui comprennent des rencontres avec les chefs d'entreprise sur l'emploi et les rôles clés pour les généraux militaires, les cadres et peut-être même des membres de sa famille pour le conseiller sur la direction du pays
What he does know, however, is what he wants to do in those early months. In a series of recent interviews, he sketched out plans that include showdowns with business leaders over jobs and key roles for military generals, executives and possibly even family members in advising him about running the country.
le président élu Trump et son vice-président - très probablement un gouverneur ou membre du Congrès - commenceront par interviewer les candidats pour le siège à pourvoir à la Cour suprême et trouver rapidement un candidat pour succéder à Antonin Scalia.
Shortly after the Nov. 8 election, President-elect Trump and his vice president — most likely a governor or member of Congress — would begin interviewing candidates for the open Supreme Court seat and quickly settle on a nominee in the mold of Justice Antonin Scalia.

He would start “building a government based on relationships,” perhaps inviting the Republican leaders Paul D. Ryan and Mitch McConnell to escape the chilly Washington fall and schmooze at Mar-a-Lago over golf and two-pound lobsters.
Le jour de l'investiture, il ira à un ou deux "beaux" galas mais se concentrera principalement sur l'annulation des décrets d'Obama sur l'immigration et préviendra les dirigeants d'entreprises  des mesures punitives s'ils délocalisent des emplois hors des Etats-Unis 
On Inauguration Day, he would go to a “beautiful” gala ball or two, but focus mostly on rescinding Obama executive orders on immigration and calling up corporate executives to threaten punitive measures if they shift jobs out of the United States.
Et à la fin de ses 100 premiers jours en tant que 45e président de la nation, le mur avec le Mexique serait conçu, l'interdiction de l'immigration des musulmans sera en place, la vérification de la Réserve fédérale sera en cours et l'abrogation de la Loi sur les soins abordables sera lancée
And by the end of his first 100 days as the nation’s 45th leader, the wall with Mexico would be designed, the immigration ban on Muslims would be in place, the audit of the Federal Reserve would be underway and plans to repeal the Affordable Care Act would be in motion.

“I know people aren’t sure right now what a President Trump will be like,” he said. “But things will be fine. I’m not running for president to make things unstable for the country.”

The New York Times interviewed Mr. Trump three times over the past two months, most recently on Saturday, as well as several campaign advisers and Trump confidants.

The possibility of Mr. Trump in the Oval Office — an outcome that once seemed fanciful — became less remote on Tuesday night when his main challenger, Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, quit the race. On Wednesday, Gov. John Kasich of Ohio said he would withdraw too.

Despite his radical vision of how to remake America, and all his outrageous talk on juvenile subjects like his anatomy — to say nothing of the polls showing him behind Hillary Clinton — Jan. 20 may find the most underestimated politician in America assuming the presidency.

While professing some surprise at his success, Mr. Trump increasingly sounds like a man who thinks he knows where he will be eight months from now, and the unrivaled power he will hold. He talked of turning the Oval Office into a high-powered board room, empowering military leaders over foreign affairs specialists in national security debates, and continuing to speak harshly about adversaries. He may post on Twitter less, but everyone will still know what he thinks.
"Nous ne pouvons nous permettre de perdre du temps. Je veux un vice-président qui m'aide à avoir rapidement un impact majeur sur Capitol Hill, et le message à la nation et aux gens à l'étranger sera clairement que le gouvernement américain utilisera son pouvoir différemment »
“As president, I’ll be working from the first day with my vice president and staff to make clear that America will be changing in major ways for the better,” Mr. Trump said in a telephone interview on Saturday. “We can’t afford to waste time. I want a vice president who will help me have a major impact quickly on Capitol Hill, and the message will be clear to the nation and to people abroad that the American government will be using its power differently.”

But he also acknowledged that he might face significant and incessant protests — even thousands of demonstrators massing on the National Mall as he takes the oath of office nearby at the Capitol.

Mr. Trump said he would try to unite Republicans and disaffected Democrats and independents over the next six months before the November election, and then work in office to show Americans that his chief interest was fighting for their needs. He argued that the fact that he would not have to rely on wealthy donors to finance his campaign would ultimately prove appealing to many voters as they realize he is not “bought and paid for.”
«Je sais que tout le monde ne sera pas d'accord avec tout ce que je fais, mais je ne suis pas en charge pour être le président préféré de tout le monde», a déclaré M. Trump. "Les choses vont très mal dans ce pays. Les gens sont mal, les affaires sont mauvaises. Je suis pressé d'agir rapidement pour faire de grands changements "
“I know everyone won’t like everything I do, but I’m not running to be everyone’s favorite president,” Mr. Trump said. “Things are seriously wrong in this country. People are hurting, business is hurting. I’m running to move quickly to make big changes.”
«la négociation» est le mot qu'il a utilisé le plus pour définir ses 100 premiers jours au pouvoir
Several friends and allies of Mr. Trump said that “negotiating” was the word he used the most to encapsulate his first 100 days in office. He wants to put strong-willed people — business executives and generals are mentioned most often — in charge of cabinet agencies and throughout his senior staff, and direct them to negotiate deals and plans with congressional leaders and state officials, as well as insurance companies and others in the private sector. They say he will accomplish the things he has promised or else keep trying, well aware that his supporters will have his head if he does not.
"Après être sorti un millier de fois pour dire:« Je vais construire un mur », il doit construire un mur. Il a dit qu'il abolirait des accords commerciaux; 
He’s not going to depart from the agenda he’s laid out, not a bit,” said Roger Stone, a longtime adviser and confidant. Mr. Stone declined to describe details of his private conversations with Mr. Trump, except to say: “Having gone out a thousand times to say ‘I’m going to build a wall,’ he has to build a wall. He has said he would scrap trade deals; his voters will demand he scrap trade deals. He knows that.”
Modern America has never seen anything like a Trump administration. Business leaders and even entertainment figures new to politics have been elected governors, of course, and insurgents like Newt Gingrich rose to power.

But this is different. A Manhattan real estate developer and bombastic reality television star, Mr. Trump would be a president like no other. Yet most historians suggest the country would adjust: He would quickly find himself consumed with the urgent and normalizing tasks of building a cabinet, assembling senior staff and reassuring Wall Street and the public that he was capable of governing America.

“Trump is predicting he’ll be able to do all these things, but his workload will be pretty enormous and his power would be so limited by precedent, by the bureaucracy, by the Constitution,” said Robert Dallek, a presidential historian. “Even in trade and immigration, where Trump says he will make revolutionary changes, Congress has a say on those things. A lot of people have a say. The president is not king.”

But Mr. Trump pledged in the interviews to deliver on his campaign promises, even if they prove disruptive or explosive.

On his first day in office, he said, he would meet with Homeland Security officials, generals, and others — he did not mention diplomats — to take steps to seal the southern border and assign more security agents along it. He would also call the heads of companies like Pfizer, the Carrier Corporation, Ford and Nabisco and warn them that their products face 35 percent tariffs because they are moving jobs out of the country. Democrats and some Republicans have warned that financial markets would react poorly and that Mr. Trump’s protectionist stances might plunge the country into recession, but he insisted that trade is “killing the country” and “the markets would be fine.”

“Bilateral talks with Mexico would start pretty quickly on the wall, and I would have chief executives into the Oval Office soon, too,” he said. “The Oval Office would be an amazing place to negotiate. It would command immediate respect from the other side, immediate understanding about the nation’s priorities.”
Quel dirigeant étranger appellera-t-il en premier comme président ? il a dit "que ce ne seraient pas nécessairement une priorité."
As for which foreign leader he would call first as president, he said “they would not necessarily be a priority.”
«Nous devons prendre une position plus ferme avec les pays étrangers", a déclaré M. Trump. "Nous sommes comme les gendarmes du monde en ce moment. Donc, je ne vais pas les appeler tout de suite et compliquer les choses ».
“We have to take a tougher stand with foreign countries,” Mr. Trump said. “We’re like the policemen of the world right now. So I wouldn’t be calling them up right away and getting more entangled.”

For good or ill, he would command the nation’s attention unlike any modern president, and not simply because of his penchant for redecorating in gold and renaming planes and buildings after himself. (For the record, he said he had no ambitious renovation plans.)

“His first 100 days would be riveting,” said Ari Fleischer, a former press secretary for President George W. Bush. “The question would be whether he is capable of downshifting from the hot rhetoric of his campaign to the serious business of building a presidency based on sound judgment and necessary coalition building.”

Mr. Fleischer said it was possible that Mr. Trump would make the adjustment, given his frequent comments about negotiating with Democrats and Republicans to reach compromises.

“That side of him intrigues me,” Mr. Fleischer said. “He keeps alluding to how well he gets along with people. It’s almost like Trump is playing a shrewd game. Tough campaigner today. Great deal maker later.” He added, “Of course, if he wins he’ll have some level of strength and momentum akin to a mandate. That would help.”

Mr. Trump did seem aware that his early months could be consumed with trying to win confirmation for his cabinet and perhaps a new Supreme Court justice and with making appointments throughout the bureaucracy.

He made it clear that he was not interested in delegating these tasks and that he wanted to make sure his appointees shared his governing philosophy. One of his closest advisers, his daughter Ivanka, would probably stay with his company, but he said he would seek counsel from her and her husband, the businessman Jared Kushner, and noted that family members had served in administrations before.

Even jobs that might seem incidental in a Trump universe, like a United States ambassador to the United Nations, have apparently crossed his mind.
«Je pense à un ambassadeur pour les Nations Unies., à un secrétaire de la défense et au secrétaire du Trésor, mais je pense surtout à l'ONU», a déclaré M. Trump. "Sinon, je vais perdre du temps. Je veux à ces postes des gens qui se soucient de gagner. L'ONU ne fait rien pour mettre fin aux grands conflits dans le monde et nous avons besoin d'un ambassadeur pour secouer l'ONU. "
“I think about a U.N. ambassador, about a secretary of defense and secretary of treasury, but I think more about winning first,” Mr. Trump said. “Otherwise I’m wasting time. I want people in those jobs who care about winning. The U.N. isn’t doing anything to end the big conflicts in the world, so you need an ambassador who would win by really shaking up the U.N.”

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