lundi 9 mai 2016

Turquie : guerre des réfugiés, la chute du premier ministre brise l'accord UE-Turquie sur les migrants

E09051617:20 - "L'accord UE-Turquie sur les migrants semble être rompu après que son architecte, Ahmet Davutoglu, a déclaré qu'il allait démissionner en tant que premier ministre d'ici la fin du mois. En effet, quelques jours après l'annonce de le démission de son premier ministre, le président de la Turquie a condamné l'Europe pour fermer ses frontières aux Syriens fuyant la guerre" rapporte The Telegraph.

Le président Erdogan, qui vise à instaurer un régime présidentiel à sa mesure, n'entend pas se soumettre aux exigences de l'UE pour obtenir la levée des visas européens pour les Turcs, ce qui était pourtant le coeur du deal négocié avec le futur ex-premier ministre. 

Sur le front des réfugiés, la situation va donc probablement rester stable le temps que le président renforce son pouvoir mais pourrait ensuite s'aggraver dans des proportions non mesurables d'autant plus que les intérêts turques sont contradictoires avec les intérêts américains sur la question kurde, le tout créant une situation explosive dont on ne voit pas comment elle ne pourrait pas fabriquer des centaines de milliers de réfugiés supplémentaires pour l'Europe. 

En Europe, cette situation ne fera que renforcer les mouvements populistes d'extrême droite que l'élite européenne considère officiellement comme les terroristes à abattre car ce sont ces mouvements de "sensibilité populaire" et de "sens commun" qui menacent la stabilité politique des Etats membres et l'existence même de l'UE.
EU-Turkey deal: It is 'cruel' of Europe to close its borders to Syrian refugees, Erdogan says

The Telegraph, le 9 Mai 2016

Titre et inter-titres E Gaillot pour €calypse News, le 9 Mai 2016

Le président de la Turquie a condamné l'Europe pour fermer ses frontières aux Syriens fuyant la guerre, quelques jours après que la démission de son premier ministre ait jeté le doute sur le deal entre son pays et l'Union européenne
Turkey’s president has condemned Europe for closing its borders to Syrians fleeing war, days after the resignation of his prime minister threw the country’s refugee deal with the European Union into doubt.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan accused the bloc on Sunday of “cruelty”, saying European nations had "no mercy and no justice." As the war in neighbouring Syria burns through a sixth year, Turkish officials say they have been left to bear the brunt of the largest refugee crisis since World War Two.

After more than 850,000 migrants entered Europe from Turkey last year, EU leaders have pledged €6bn in financial assistance to Ankara in exchange for the country readmitting asylum seekers deported from Greece.

Turkey’s southern border with Syria is largely closed, despite a United Nations warning earlier this month that fighting around the northern city of Aleppo could force as many as 400,000 Syrians to the Turkish frontier.
l'accord semble être rompu après que son architecte, Ahmet Davutoglu, a déclaré qu'il allait démissionner en tant que premier ministre d'ici la fin du mois
The Turkish foreign ministry said on Monday that 386 people had been readmitted from Europe under the refugee deal so far. But the pact appears to have hit the rocks, after its architect, Ahmet Davutoglu, said that he would step down as prime minister by the end of the month.

His decision is understood to have been forced by a growing rift with Mr Erdogan, who is trying to introduce a presidential system in which one man has total authority.

Shortly afterwards, Mr Erdogan said his government would not meet the EU’s demand for his country to reform its anti-terrorism legislation. At stake is prospect of visa-free travel for 75 million Turkish citizens in Europe, a long-sought after prize that Mr Davutoglu had secured as part of the refugee deal.

On Sunday, Mr Erdogan also accused the international coalition battling Islamic State of Iraq and Levant of leaving Turkey to fight the jihadists alone.

The militants have launched a new phase in their war on Turkish targets, launching cross-border raids into the southern town of Kilis on a near-daily basis. At least 21 people have been killed and and another 70 left injured.

Turkey confirmed on Monday that a special forces had unit conducted a reconnaissance mission in northern Syria over the weekend, in an attempt to prevent the rocket fire.

But experts said the attacks were unlikely to be extinguished unless Isil is pushed from the last strip of territory it controls along the Turkish border, a move slowed by strategic disagreements between Turkey and the United States.

While Ankara is backing indigenous Arab forces to do the job, Washington prefers to use fighters drawn mostly from the Kurdish People’s Protection Units, a force the Turkish government describe as “terrorists”.