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dimanche 17 avril 2016

USA: élections, comment l'establishment US prive les Américains de leur droit de vote

C17041605:10 - "Une situation de pénurie budgétaire, le chaos du système électoral de la nation et des machines à voter obsolètes ne peuvent que susciter chez les électeurs des soupçons et des craintes d'élections truquées" selon l'éditorial du New York Times.

Le journal donne de multiples exemples démontrant que l'organisation des élections de 2016 risquent de déboucher sur un sentiment populaire d'illégitimité du résultat final en particulier par le fait que les inscriptions sur les listes électorales des partis sont closes depuis le... 9 Octobre 2015 ! Or, à cette époque, Sanders n'était qu'un exécrable coco et Trump un amuseur public et seul les militants traditionnels étaient inscrits.  

Cette date anticipée de clôture sur les listes électorales a évidement pour but de permettre à l'establishment de contrôler le processus en empêchant les Américains de voter pour des outsiders qui s'affirmeraient pendant la campagne électorale des primaires comme c'est le cas actuellement avec Sanders et Trump.

Cette situation n'est pas vraiment nouvelle aux USA mais cette année, de plus en plus d'Américains en prennent conscience et se mobilisent pour dénoncer ce qu'ils considèrent comme une violation de la Constitution qui les prive du droit de vote et cela pourrait déboucher sur des désordres publics plus ou moins contrôlables voire un chaos général, ce qui, de notre point de vue, serait la meilleure chose que nous puissions rêver afin de nous libérer de ce système dont on voit bien, pour ceux qui ont des yeux pour voir, qu'il nous conduit nulle part sinon vers la "big war".
Why Americans Can’t Vote 

The Editorial Board, The News York Times, le 16 Avril 2016 

Titre et inter-titres E Gaillot pour €calypse News, le 17 Avril 2016 
L'état d'austérité, le chaos du système électoral de la nation et des machines de vote obsolètes ne peuvent que susciter chez les électeurs des soupçons et des craintes d'élections truquées
The state of the nation’s underfunded, patchwork election system and obsolete balloting machinery may not arouse voters the way candidates can with charges of rigged elections. But voters in Arizona who lined up for the state’s presidential primaries last month learned just how difficult and unfair voting can be even without criminal malfeasance.

Maricopa County, the state’s most populous, had slashed the number of polling places to 60, from 200 in 2012, claiming a need for budget savings and leaving thousands of voters waiting long hours into the night, with some giving up in despair.

The Justice Department is investigating this electoral disaster, including charges that minority voters were particularly harmed. Critics blame the Supreme Court for weakening the Voting Rights Act, which used to subject regions with a history of discrimination, Maricopa County among them, to prescreening by the Justice Department before they could make major changes in voting procedures. Had that provision remained operational, the Maricopa fiasco might have been averted.

Arizona’s problem is a good early warning of troubles to come in deeply flawed voting systems everywhere in the country. Come Tuesday in New York, untold numbers of primary voters interested in crossing party lines will discover that it’s too late, that they should have switched parties by last Oct. 9, a little publicized deadline under “closed primary” voting procedures that serve to guard the major parties’ power.

This is but one of many confusions, Common Cause New York, a government watchdog group, warns. Politicians in Albany scheduled four separate balloting days this year for state and federal offices. New York lags behind more electorally advanced states in its refusal to allow voters the convenience of same-day registration, early voting and easier absentee balloting. The Republican ballot names the candidates while the confusing Democratic ballot asks voters to choose a candidate as well as delegates pledged to either of the two candidates.

Beyond New York, newly restrictive election laws enacted in 17 states have imposed tighter procedures for identification, registration and early voting. In Wisconsin this month, primary voters were arbitrarily rejected or forced to endure a maze of three separate waiting lines for registration, identification and balloting. Similar restrictions elsewhere will be facing their first test in November.

Aside from bad laws, frayed infrastructure and limited funding also afflict the voting process. Unconscionably long lines in the 2012 election led to an investigation by the bipartisan Presidential Commission on Election Administration, whose report contained recommendations on cutting a voter’s wait to no more than 30 minutes. That remains a distant ideal in a crazy-quilt voting system variously managed and mismanaged by the 50 states and some 8,000 local jurisdictions.

Shortchanging election budgets is a big part of the problem. The presidential commission warned of an “impending crisis” as voting machines bought after the hanging-chad debacle of 2000 become obsolete and break down. There are 43 states using computerized machines 10 to 15 years old that are increasingly unreliable and insecure, according to a study by New York University School of Law’s Brennan Center for Justice. With limited money to replace outdated machines, poorer counties and urban centers, often with more minority voters, will suffer longer delays and critical breakdowns.

Solutions to obvious voting obstacles aren’t hard to grasp: online registration, early voting, more and better trained poll workers, and modern technology like paper ballots backed by scanners, set to national standards.

The Brennan Center says it might cost upward of $1 billion in the next few years to replace aging machines. This seems a bargain compared with the $1 billion-plus that the presidential candidates have already raised. Voters will be judging the state of democracy in November when they line up, for better or worse.

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